Measuring Social Media: How to Determine Your ROI

Are you trying to measure your social media return on investment (ROI)?

Do you need to measure the social performance of your business?

To learn how to determine the ROI for social media marketing, I interview Nichole Kelly for this episode of the Social Media Marketing podcast.

More About This Show

Social Media Marketing Podcast w/ Michael Stelzner

The Social Media Marketing podcast is a show from Social Media Examiner.

It’s designed to help busy marketers and business owners discover what works with social media marketing.

The show format is on-demand talk radio (also known as podcasting).

In this episode, I interview Nichole Kelly, author of How to Measure Social Media and the CEO of Social Media Explorer and SME Digital.

Nichole shares why so many businesses struggle to determine the ROI of their social media activities and what’s really important in your social media measurement.

You’ll learn the most important steps that all marketers should take when thinking about social ROI.

Share your feedback, read the show notes and get the links mentioned in this episode below!

Listen Now

You can also subscribe via iTunes, RSS, Stitcher or Blackberry.

Here are some of the things you’ll discover in this show:

Social Media Return on Investment (ROI)

Why so many marketers struggle with measuring social ROI

Nichole believes one of the reasons social ROI is a challenge is because marketers have redefined the metrics used to measure social media. Words such as mentions and retweets are similar to what was measured before. But now people have decided that social media is special, and therefore needs to be measured in a special way.

stock photo 17323056 measuring tapes

Marketers have redefined metrics to try to measure social media. Image source: iStockphoto

Nichole believes this has set us up for failure. When you try to 1) justify what you are doing and 2) measure the return, you can’t compare these two things. It then becomes difficult to compare and optimize whatever the return is.

People have played with the return on investment phrase in the social realm. For example, you’ve likely heard of return on influence, return on engagement and return on conversation. The problem with this approach is that at the end of the day, ROI is a financial return. And whether it is the best measure for success of social media doesn’t really matter, because it’s the measure of success for business.

Listen to the show to find out why you need to translate social media into a positive ROI.

The backstory that led Nichole to social media ROI

Nichole explains how she spent most of her career in corporate marketing and grew up in the boardroom.

In June 2011, there was a study that came out from the Fournaise Report that said 73% of CEOs think marketers lack business credibility. The #1 stated reason was because we talk about trends like social media.

fournaise report

In June 2011, the Fournaise Report said 73% of CEOs think marketers lack business credibility.

Whether you agree with this or not, Nichole noticed that marketers were caught in a trap of trying to measure social media differently. And measuring social media ROI isn’t as hard as everyone was making it out to be.

So she set out to provide how-to information with step-by-step instructions on translating social media into something that can be compared across channels.

Nichole wrote ROI-related articles for Social Media Examiner and discovered there was a never-ending appetite for help figuring out social media ROI.

Nichole thinks people are still trying to understand it completely, but they are actually ready to measure now.

When Nichole first started, a lot of people were talking about measurement in philosophical terms. We are starting to see companies, and marketers in particular, understand that with social media, it doesn’t matter how many fans or followers they have.

At the end of the day, if you can compare social media to what you spend on pay-per-click advertising and start measuring it with something simple like cost per click on all of the web traffic you are sending to your site, you have something that justifies a budget.

Listen to the show to find out why Nichole feels measuring social media ROI hasn’t come full circle yet.

The most important first step for marketers when thinking about social ROI

The first step is never use a social media metric. You should never talk in terms of fans, followers, likes and retweets. You should dispose of all of this social media lingo and start thinking in terms of other marketing channels and what you measure there.

For example, if you focus on pay-per-click advertising, you should measure cost per impression, cost per click and sometimes cost per conversion. If you focus on public relations, you should measure cost per impression and sometimes cost per mention. The one thing that you can measure right now is how much you spend on content, agency fees and total spend on social media marketing.

If you start comparing all of that with the cost of whatever is brought to your website or whatever the conversions are from social media, then it’s easy for people to understand social media ROI. You want to use the terminology that executives are familiar with.

Listen to the show to learn why it’s important to use the terminology that executives are familiar with.

The main types of objectives marketers measure

Nichole sees many companies measuring reach and engagement. As marketers, we want to optimize what we are doing and the only way to do that is to measure how often people engage and whether a piece of content is performing. These are good metrics.

For business it comes down to three things: sales volume, revenue and cost.

Nichole feels that we haven’t quite connected social media with the bottom of the funnel where the actual conversion, sale or customer retention process happen. And because we haven’t connected these things, we have executives with misaligned expectations about where social media fits into the sales funnel.

crm funnel chart

Nichole feels social media hasn't quite connected with the bottom of the funnel. Image source: iStockphoto

Although you may be generating interest in the social channels, likely you still are converting customers using email marketing, having them come through organically or by using pay-per-click advertising. You need to align expectations accordingly, or you could set yourself up for failure. This can kill your ability to get any kind of budget for the social media marketing your company needs.

There are two different types of leads. A soft lead is someone who’s exchanged his/her email address in return for something, and a hard lead is someone who is already a customer or a qualified prospect.

Nichole recommends you generate the soft leads with social media and then use email marketing to convert them into hard leads.

The biggest call to action that Nichole sees is “Sign up for our newsletter.” She finds this funny. How many people really sign up for a newsletter anymore? Today the word newsletter is almost the clean word for spam. People really don’t want a newsletter. They want something of value.

Delivering a newsletter is not the best call to action to get that email address so that you can do additional marketing.

Nichole likes to focus on content-based marketing, where you give people something they value in return for their email address, and tell them what kind of emails they can expect after that.

Are you trying to gain leads with your social media efforts? Then you need to measure the cost per lead. Most companies that spend money on marketing are measuring what the cost per lead is today. The second piece to measure is cost per acquisition. How much did you spend to get an actual customer? You can measure these two metrics across channels.

One of the biggest challenges with social media is that we are trying to measure social media in the social channel, when in fact the business value tends to happen on the website or through the email list. You have to stop thinking in terms of one silo and look at social media as one part of the story.

Listen to the show to find out how to measure every touch along the buying cycle.

How marketers can measure performance

Most companies have a variety of different website analytic tools; however, the majority use Google Analytics. Nichole explains how you first need to have a goal set up for your conversion page with a thank-you page. So you set up the goal on the thank-you page. Then with every link that you share, you add “custom URL parameters.”

There are three parameters you can append to the end of a URL to tell Google Analytics the campaign, the medium and the source of where that link was posted. Nichole uses these parameters and keeps track of them in a database. This tells her exactly which status update generates a specific conversion because she has numbered each status update and has it in a database.

Listen to the show to hear how to track your conversions.

How marketers should convey their data to management

Nichole describes two different types of metrics. First of all, there are the metrics that marketing managers care about. These are the metrics you need to optimize your results. For example, which tweet led to the most conversions that month and should we do more tweets like that?

Once you start getting into executive management, you have to distill it down to three things. These are cost per impression, cost per engagement and cost per lead. Sometimes you need to add in cost per customer acquisition. If you can get to revenue and there’s an integration with CRM, you start adding things like average revenue per customer and revenue metrics, etc.

The big three are the ones that have historical presence in companies. They are benchmarks for success and a known acceptable cost for each one of these things. This is all the executive team cares about.

Social media is one line item on a budget of many marketing channels. Executive management really doesn’t pay attention to the nitty-gritty. And Nichole believes that if the executive team pays too much attention to these small details, it probably means that the marketer has not positioned social media to show proper integration. This is why they are scrutinizing it so much.

Nichole always works on getting this information into that one line item on the overall marketing report. People are scared to measure and marketers are scared to be held accountable. If you start delivering these kinds of metrics and your data shows that social media is not working, then your job is on the line. And the pressure isn’t just about social media, it’s coming for the entire marketing channel.

analyzing

People are scared to measure and marketers are scared to be held accountable. Image source: iStockphoto

It’s now time for marketers to get serious. Is it going to be something you integrate into your marketing plans and into your business, internally and externally, or is it something you are going to fiddle around with on the side?

Should companies measure engagement in answering questions on their Facebook wall as a public service? Should they measure engagement with “thank-you’s” on Twitter? Nichole believes that it isn’t that these activities don’t lead to ROI. The intent is different.

There’s the question of being a good steward in social media and then there’s also the question of finding a way to impact business. It’s a combination of both of these things that work on social media.

You’ll discover what happened when Nichole did a test for her book on Facebook. When she first posted a status update simply with a link to her book, there was no engagement at all. Then she took a picture of herself in Barnes and Noble with the book, and she received tons of feedback. People loved it. Nichole hasn’t got the numbers yet to see if this generated sales. But it was the one thing that people could connect with because it made Nichole human.

Nichole explains how measuring ROI is important, and why you should also continue to be human and provide value, while tracking your sales funnel.

Listen to the show to hear why Nichole is 100% sure that your ROI is negative when you start to measure.

Economical tools Nichole recommends

The one tool most people have is Google Analytics. Nichole’s advice is look at the goal conversions that are set up on your site.

Next is to do a search for Google Analytics URL Builder, which allows you to put in the three parameters mentioned earlier. This generates a long URL that has them all appended. You can shorten it in your social channels.

url builder

Google Analytics URL Builder.

Once you have tested it, you can now connect this to sales data. This means plugging into a marketing automation system that attaches to a Customer Relationship Management (CRM) tool like Marketo or Pardot.

Listen to the show to hear how the Google custom URL Builder works for social channels.

This Week’s Social Question

Ben Adam Smith from House Planning Help asks, “How long should you spend managing your social media?”

house planning help

Ben Adam Smith of House Planning Help sent in today's social media question.

Ben, here is what you need to do.

Here’s a statistic from our 2012 Social Media Marketing Industry Report, where we surveyed about 3,800 marketers and asked them how much time they spend on social media. About 64% are spending between 1 to 10 hours a week on social media.

If you look at 10 hours spread over a 5-day workweek, that’s a maximum of about 2 hours a day. This shows that people are investing a fair amount of time in their social media efforts.

To help you figure out how you can spend less time and still get great results, here’s a very simple plan.

You can use scheduling tools like HootSuite and Buffer to schedule some of your activities (but not all of them).

At Social Media Examiner, we use SocialOomph to schedule our tweets and our LinkedIn updates only. The reason for this, to the best of our knowledge, is Twitter and LinkedIn are the two networks that don’t penalize you for using their tools. But we’ve heard mixed reports over time as to whether Facebook penalizes you or not.

With regards to Facebook, we have found the best thing to do is to manually update your news feed.

On Twitter, I suggest you write down a number of interesting things that you can schedule into one of these tools. Find some interesting content that’s been written about your industry by others. Add a few tweets with links to your own content. Consider adding an occasional tweet about an activity or an event you’re going to be participating in or attending. Then spend an hour and schedule these tweets throughout an entire week.

If you also want to schedule updates on Facebook, there’s a built-in scheduler for Facebook Pages. So you can actually go into Facebook and schedule your updates using the Facebook built-in scheduler at the same time. The only downside to this is that I’ve had mixed reports on results. To learn more, visit here and do a search for Facebook Schedule or Scheduling.

The next step is to track what is working. You’ll learn in today’s podcast how to do this. When you begin to see that some things are working better than others, consider scaling back on what’s not working, or experiment. And increase your activity on what is working.

Listen to the show to gain more insights into how we do this at Social Media Examiner.

Call in and leave your social media–related questions for us and we may include them in a future show.

Other Show Mentions

content success summit 2013

In just a few short days, we are kicking off Content Success Summit 2013—an online conference designed for marketers and business owners who want to expand their platforms.

This conference will reveal everything from strategy to content creation techniques you can put to use immediately.

Content Success Summit starts February 5, 2013, and is spread over four weeks to improve learning and accommodate your schedule. Plus you’ll get recordings and transcripts of all live sessions. Be sure to check it out.

We have 22 speakers including Joe Pulizzi, Ann Handley, Michael Hyatt, Michael Stelzner, Mark Schaefer, Amy Porterfield, Gini Dietrich, Marcus Sheridan, DJ Waldow, David Siteman Garland, Pat Flynn and Derek Halpern.

Social Media Marketing World is Social Media Examiner’s latest mega-conference—taking place at the waterfront San Diego Marriott Marquis & Marina in San Diego, California on April 7-9, 2013.

As you’d expect, Social Media Examiner recruited the biggest and best names in the world of social media marketing for this conference. Only the best for you! Be sure to check it out.

If you have been thinking about attending but you need to convince the boss, you’ll be happy to know we have a section called Convincing the Boss.

Key takeaways mentioned in this episode:

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What do you think? What are your thoughts on measuring social media ROI? Please leave your comments below.

Images from iStockPhoto.

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About the Author, Michael Stelzner

Michael Stelzner is the founder and CEO of Social Media Examiner, founder of My Kids' Adventures and author of the books Launch and Writing White Papers. He's also the host of the Social Media Marketing podcast. Other posts by »




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  • http://writtent.com/ Sergey

    Wow, that’s a very deep insight of determining  ROI. I think that even now there are people talking about measurement of ROI in philosophical terms as, depending on the business type, ROI calculation may very even if they all use same Social Media channels. That’s why this topic is very urgent and really needs to be discussed. I also think that these big three: cost per impression, cost per engagement and cost per lead could be the backbone for ROI measurements, but I wonder if this basis can suit for any business that uses Social Media, Paid Ads, etc.? Again, great interview insights, thank you. 

  • http://www.EntrepreneurOnFire.com/ John Lee Dumas

    Awesome interview Mike and Nichole! Thanks for sharing great tips on how to measure the social media ROI using Google Analytics! It will certainly help marketers like me gain more insights on how well my social media campaigns are doing. 

    Have a rockin Friday everyone! 

    ~John Lee Dumas

  • http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/ Michael A. Stelzner

    Glad you found it helpful Sergey

  • http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/ Michael A. Stelzner

    Fully agree :)

  • http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/ Michael A. Stelzner

    Thanks John

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  • https://www.odesk.com/o/profiles/users/_~~6822e5762fbbd55e/ Filip Galetic

    Great article!

  • http://blog.tianakai.com/ Tiana Kai

    Great tips! We are launching a new product and just began to discuss analytics. I love numbers and was looking into tools and tips to run and oversee the number better. I will save the video for tomorrow morning with my morning cappuccino! :)  

  • http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/ Michael A. Stelzner

    Glad you enjoyed it.  Heads up it is an audio :)

  • http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/ Michael A. Stelzner

    Thanks Filip

  • Robert

    You can’t, that’s the problem

  • http://blog.tianakai.com/ Tiana Kai

    haha, yes, that’s what I meant! I will sip the cappuccino slowly and listen and take notes. :) have a great weekend! 

  • Gary Vaynerchuk

    What’s the ROI of your mother ?

  • http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/ Michael A. Stelzner

    That would be me :)

  • Nichole_Kelly

    I’d have to guess somewhere in the same ball park as a bottle of 1787 Chateau Yquem. But as I made no financial investment in my mother I’ll go with a bazillion percent. Thanks for chiming in Gary. Perhaps we can share a glass at SXSW. ;-)

  • Nichole_Kelly

    To that, I send this video. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wh76-FE5kqM ;-)

  • Nichole_Kelly

    Tianakai – I hope you enjoy it! If I can be of any assistance, feel free to hit me up on Twitter. :-)

  • Nichole_Kelly

    Filip – Thanks for commenting! I’m so glad you enjoyed it.

  • Nichole_Kelly

    Thanks John! I’m sure your numbers will blow people’s minds! Rock on brother. :-)

  • Nichole_Kelly

    Very valid points. The biggest challenge organizations are faced with is how to implement multi-touch attribution (every campaign touched) across the organization. It opens up a lot of heated discussions about which team gets “credit.” At the end of the day credit doesn’t matter. What matters is whether or not you can accurately measure the cost of acquisition and retention so you can continue to optimize results. Thanks so much for commenting!

  • Nichole_Kelly

    Sergey – Thanks so much for commenting! I do believe those three measures can be used across marketing channels. We measure all marketing channels using those three metrics so we can start to compare apples to apples. It’s not about putting one marketing channel up against the other to determine which is better, rather it’s about understanding where synergies exist. It is pretty insightful once you do it! Have a great day!

  • http://twitter.com/TriplePointInc TriplePoint Inc.

    Thank you very much for the great podcast. This was the one thing that I really needed to connect the dots. Very familiar with the sales funnel model and learning a lot about inbound marketing but this podcast brought it all together. Look forward to reading your book.

  • carlos codina

    Outstanding article. It’s sage advice cutting through the clutter of social media measurements and straight though to the real purpose of marketing; Word of mouth reputation and sales leads measured with traditional financial ROI measurements….Thank you!

  • http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/ Michael A. Stelzner

    Glad you liked it Carlos

  • http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/ Michael A. Stelzner

    Glad you liked with Nichole had to say :)

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  • chris_rainey

    Great podcast and article! Question – If you are retailer, who only has a brick and mortar presence – no ecommerce, how do you measure the ROI of social media?

  • http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/ Michael A. Stelzner

    Hey Chris – I would think coupon codes would be the way to do it, or to ask folks at the point of purchase how they found out about you

  • Catherine Lawrence

    First of all, Michael, what a great service your site provides. Cheers to you!

    Second, Nichole, GREAT argument for systematic, analytical thinking about the role and responsibilities of social media marketers.

    Your reply to EssayPapers, below, about who gets credit reminds me of one of the worst problems of corporate silos: no message consistency. When that’s not there, adding yet another medium for throwing things over the wall to imaginary customers…well you know how it goes from there.

    Comments?

  • http://www.examiner.com/internet-and-technology-in-national/david-frankk David Frankk

    It has always been a bit of a problem for me to measure my company’s ROI from Social Media since we are not an ecommerce website. Thanks to your post, I can not jot down some point and try to make sense of it all. Cheers !

  • http://www.shrmarketing.com/ Stan Robinson, Jr.

    What is the difference in the information that you get from the Google Analytics URL Builder vs. information Hootsuite provides in terms of tracking post click throughs?

    Great interview in terms of providing insight into the executive thought process and how results from social media should be framed.

  • http://59staples.com/ Wout Gijsbers

    First of all a big thank you to Michael and Nichole; the former for this awesome blog and the latter for a good insight into Social Media ROI.

    However, one thought did come up while listening to / reading this post: I had the feeling that you (Nichole) were very focused on last-click attribution and practically ignored the role of first-click atribution.

    In my opinion (and limited experience) last-click attribution is acceptably easy to organize and analyse. First-click attribution however is much more difficult to map. How can you analyze the effectiveness of a post you posted 3 weeks ago on Facebook for a lead that converts today? Facebook did make this (a bit) more measurable through its conversion tracking in Facebook Ads but I still find it difficult to clearly map and analyze last-click atribution for “normal” posts on any social media channel.. I wonder what your (plural) thoughts are on this :) !

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  • http://blog.tianakai.com/ Tiana Kai

    Will do now. Thanks again! I need to implement more ‘campaigns’ to help test and target better.

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  • Kat

    I’m curious how you account for the conversions that were affected by social media, but didn’t come directly through a social media site. For example, an ecommerce site that sells auto service vouchers. If you’re using social media for brand awareness how will you measure conversions from users that come to your site days after seeing your posts without clicking through from a social media link?

  • https://www.odesk.com/o/profiles/users/_~~6822e5762fbbd55e/ Filip Galetic

    You’re welcome.

  • https://www.odesk.com/o/profiles/users/_~~6822e5762fbbd55e/ Filip Galetic

    Thank you for sharing! :)

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  • salcoombes

    Really helpful tips here thank you! My question relates to the step of shortening your URL. I’m seeing several publications use a custom branded URL shortner such as mash.to/ for Mashable and huff.to/ for Huff Post. Does this require setting up additional domain names? Do you know what tool(s) can achieve this branded url shortener?

    Thanks again, love your work!

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